Updated: 3/23/2015

Introduction to Spirochetes

Review Topic
  • The spirochetes are spiral-shaped bacteria
  • Includes ("BLT")
    • Borrelia
    • Leptospira
    • Treponema
  • Visualization
    • only Borrelia can be visualized using light microscopy
      • use Wright's or Giemsa stain (aniline dyes)
    • Leptospira and Treponema are visualized by dark-field microscopy
  • "Borrelia is BIG and can be seen with a light BULB"

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