Updated: 7/13/2018

Introduction to Zoonotic Bacteria

Review Topic
  • The zoonotic bacteria are
    • Yersinia enterocolitica
    • Yersinia pestis
    • Brucella spp.
    • Pasteurella multocida
    • Francisella tularensis
  • These bacteria are
    • Gram-negative bacilli
      • except Y. pestis, Brucella spp and F. tularensis which are coccobacilli
    • Facultative intracellular organisms
      • except P. multocida and Y. enterocolitica
    • Have high virulent ability to penetrate and infect multiple sites on the body
      • except P. multocida and Y. enterocolitica
    • Can be treated with aminoglycosides (gentamicin or streptomycin) and/or doxycycline and given for a long duration (not necessarily the first line agent)
      • except Y. enterocolitica (treat with fluoroquinolones)

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