Please confirm topic selection

Are you sure you want to trigger topic in your Anconeus AI algorithm?

Updated: 5/29/2019

RNA Viruses

0%
Topic
Review Topic
0
0
N/A
N/A
Questions
2
0
0
0%
0%
Evidence
3
0
0
Topic
  • RNA Virus Table
      • (+) Strand RNA
      • Virus
      • Disease
      • Treatment or Vaccine
      • Picornavirus
      • Picornavirus
      • Picornavirus
      • Poliovirus
      • Paralytic poliomyelitis (paralysis)
      • Aseptic meningitis¬†
      • Post-polio syndrome
      • Sabin vaccine (live)
      • SalK vaccine (Killed)
      • Rhinovirus
      • Common cold (most common cause)
      • No specific treatment
      • Coxsackievirus
      • Aseptic meningitis 
      • Carditis
      • Hand, foot, and mouth disease
      • Herpangia
      • Pleurodynia
      • Bornholm disease (Devil's grip)
      • No specific treatment
      • Echovirus
      • Aseptic meningitis
      • Hepatitis A virus  
      • Mild acute hepatitis 
      • Killed vaccine
      • Serum globulin
      • Calicivirus
      • Calicivirus
      • Calicivirus
      • Norwalk virus 
      • Acute gastroenteritis (schoolchildren)
      • No specific treatment
      • Togavirus
      • Togavirus
      • Togavirus
      • Rubella virus 
      • Rubella (German measles)
      • Congenital rubella¬†
      • Live attenuated vaccine (MMR)
      • Eastern equine encephalitis
      • -
      • Killed vaccine
      • Western equine encephalitis
      • -
      • Killed vaccine
      • Flavivirus
      • Flavivirus
      • Flavivirus
      • Yellow fever virus 
      • Yellow fever
      • Live attenuated vaccine
      • Dengue
      • Dengue ("break bone fever")
      • Supportive only
      • Hepatitis C virus 
      • Chronic hepatitis
      • IFN
      • Ribavirin
      • West Nile virus 
      • Aseptic meningitis
      • Encephalitis
      • Paralysis
      • Supportive only
      • St. Louis encephalitis 
      • Encephalitis
      • Supportive only
      • Coronavirus
      • Coronavirus
      • Coronavirus
      • Coronavirus 
      • Common cold
      • SARS
      • Self-limiting
      • Retrovirus
      • Retrovirus
      • Retrovirus
      • HIV
      • AIDS
      • HAART
      • Human T cell leukemia virus
      • T-cell leukemia
      • -
      • Hepevirus
      • Hepevirus
      • Hepevirus
      • Hepatitis E virus 
      • Mild acute hepatitis (fatal when prEgnant)
      • Self-limiting
      • (-) Strand RNA
      • Bunyavirus
      • Bunyavirus
      • Bunyavirus
      • Hantavirus
      • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (50% mortality)
      • Supportive only
      • CA Encephalitis virus
      • Encephalitis
      • -
      • Orthomyxovirus
      • Orthomyxovirus
      • Orthomyxovirus
      • Influenza virus 
      • Flu
      • Zanamivir/oseltamivir
      • Paramyxovirus
      • Paramyxovirus
      • Paramyxovirus
      • Rubeola
      • Measles
      • Live attenuated vaccine (MMR)
      • Mumps virus 
      • Mumps
      • Live attenuated vaccine (MMR)
      • RSV
      • Pneumonia (infants)
      • Palivizumab
      • Parainfluenza
      • Croup
      • Bronchiolitis
      • Pneumonia
      • Supportive only
      • Rhabdovirus
      • Rhabdovirus
      • Rhabdovirus
      • Rabies virus 
      • Rabies
      • hRIG
      • Arenavirus
      • Arenavirus
      • Arenavirus
      • Lassa fever virus 
      • Hemorrhagic fever (50% mortality)
      • Ribavirin
      • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)
      • Meningitis
      • -
      • Filovirus
      • Filovirus
      • Filovirus
      • Ebola and marburg viruses 
      • Hemorrhagic fever (up to 90% mortality)
      • Supportive only
      • Double-Stranded (ds) RNA
      • Reovirus
      • Reovirus
      • Reovirus
      • Reovirus 
      • Common cold
      • Gastroenteritis
      • Self-limiting
      • Rotavirus
      • Gastroenteritis (infants)
      • Self-limiting
      • Colorado tick fever virus
      • Flu-like
      • Supportive only
  • Virus Overview
    • Viruses are obligate intracellular infectious agents with the following basic components
      • DNA or RNA
        • never both
      • capsid
        • a protein coat that surrounds the genetic material
        • icosahedral or helical symmetry
        • made of capsomers
          • polypeptide chains organized into a globular subunit
          • in helical symmetry, capsomers are bound to RNA and coiled
            • forms a helical nucleoprotein capsid
      • sometimes an envelope
    • Viruses are classified by
      • nucleic acid
        • DNA or RNA
        • double stranded or single stranded
        • (+) or (-) stranded RNA
        • single or segmented pieces of nucleic acid
        • complexity of genome
      • capsid
        • icosahedral or helical
      • envelope
        • naked
          • DNA or RNA + capsomers and other structural proteins = nucleocapsid
        • enveloped
          • nucleocapsid + host membrane with viral-specified glycoproteins = enveloped virus
      • size
        • diameter or number of capsomers
      • ploidy
        • all viruses are haploid (1 copy of DNA or RNA)
        • except retroviruses
          • retroviruses have 2 identical copies of their ssRNA, approximating diploidy
      • infectivity of purified nucleic acid
        • purified nucleic acid that is intrinsically infectious
          • dsDNA from most viruses
            • except poxviridae
            • except HBV
          • (+) strand ssRNA from most viruses
            • (+) linear, nonsegmented ssRNA can be translated immediately into a large protein by host machinery
            • virus must carry protease to cleave the 1 large protein product that will be generated by the host machinery
        • purified nucleic acid that is NOT intrinsically infectious
          • (-) ssRNA
            • viruses must carry an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to generate mRNA the host machinery can read
          • dsRNA
          • they require enzymes contained in the complete virion for infectivity
  • RNA Viruses
    • Most RNA viruses
      • are single-stranded (ssRNA, like human mRNA)
      • have helical symmetry
      • replicate in the cytoplasm
      • are enveloped
    • Exceptions
      • double-stranded (dsRNA)
        • reo
      • icosahedral
        • reo
        • picorna
        • toga
        • flavi
        • calici
      • replicate in nucleus
        • retro
        • orthomyxo
      • non-enveloped
        • picorna
        • calici
        • reo
        • hepe

Please rate this review topic.

You have never rated this topic.

Thank you. You can rate this topic again in 12 months.

Flashcards (0)
Cards
1 of 0
Questions (2)
Question locked
Sorry, this question is for
PEAK Premium Subscribers only
Upgrade to PEAK
Question locked
Sorry, this question is for
PEAK Premium Subscribers only
Upgrade to PEAK
Evidence (3)
EXPERT COMMENTS (2)
Private Note