Updated: 2/4/2018

Other Bacteria

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Other Bacteria Table
 
Mycobacteria
Bacteria Disease Treatment
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 
  • Tuberculosis
  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampin
  • Pyrazinamide
Mycobacterium leprae 
  • Leprosy
  • Dapsone
  • Rifampin
MOTTS 
  • Various systemic diseases
  • Disease-dependent
Spirochetes
Borrelia burgdorferi  
  • Lyme disease
  • Doxycycline
  • Ceftriaxone
Leptospira interrogans 
  • Leptospirosis
  • Weil's disease
  • Penicillin G
Treponema pallidum 
  • Syphilis
  • Penicillins
Chlamydiaceae
Chlamydia trachomatis 
  • Chlamydia (STD)
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum
  • Trachoma
  • Azithromycin
Chlamydophila 
  • Pneumonia (atypical)
  • Macrolides
  • Tetracyclines
Rickettsia 
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Typhus
  • Q fever
  • Tetracycline
Ehrlichia 
  • Similar to RMSF
  • Doxycycline
Mycoplasmataceae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 
  • Pneumonia ("walking")
  • Tetracycline
  • Erythromycin
  • (NO penicillin nor cephalosporins)

Ureaplasma urealyticum 
  • Urethritis
  • Prostatitis
  • Renal calculi
  • Erythromycin
Fungus-like bacteria
Actinomyces israelii 
  • Actinomycosis (mouth, GI, and brain abscesses)
  • Penicillin G
Nocardia 
  • Nocardiosis (mimics TB)
  • Sulfonamides
 

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