Updated: 2/13/2018

Chemical Carcinogens

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Overview
 
Toxin
Associated Cancer
Notes
Aflatoxins
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
Derived from Aspergillus contamination of stored grains
Vinyl chloride
  • Angiosarcoma (of the liver)
Chemical used in the production of PVC pipes
Nitrosamines 
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
Found in smoked food. High levels of consumption in Japan.
Cigarette smoke
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
    • laryngeal
    • lung
  • Small cell carcinoma of the lung
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Transitional cell carcinoma
Key carcinogens are polycyclic hydrocarbons
Asbestos
  • Mesothelioma
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma
Bronchogenic carcinoma is a more common sequelae of asbestos than mesothelioma
Arsenic
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Angiosarcoma of the liver
Also found in cigarette smoke
Naphthalene (aniline) dyes
  • Transitional cell carcinoma
Also found in cigarette smoke
Alkylating agents
  • Leukemia
May result from chemotherapy
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