0%
Topic
Review Topic
0
0
N/A
N/A
Questions
1
0
0
Topic
Snapshot
  • A 40-year-old man with a past medical history of headaches presents to his primary care physician for persistent headaches and changes in his face. He reports that he can no longer fit his caps, his jaw seems larger, and there is increased spacing between his teeth. He reports some numbness and tingling in his hands. His physician orders an IGF1 test, which screens for acromegaly. This test comes back positive and an oral glucose load confirms the diagnosis of acromegaly. He is started on octreotide while he awaits imaging evaluation of his brain.
Introduction
  • Drugs
    • octreotide
  • Mechanism of action
    • octreotide is a somatostatin analog
      • inhibits secretion of splanchnic vasodilatory hormones
        • growth hormone
        • gastrin
        • vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)
        • glucagon
        • secretin
        • serotonin
        • pancreatic polypeptide
  • Clinical use 
    • acute variceal bleeds
    • acromegaly
    • VIPoma
    • carcinoid tumors
    • glucagonoma
    • other neuroendocrine tumors
  • Adverse effects
    • gastrointestinal upset
    • steatorrhea
    • inhibits cholecystokinin, which increases the risk of cholelithiasis and cholecystitis
    • bradycardia

Please rate topic.

Average 3.8 of 5 Ratings

Questions (1)
Question locked
Sorry, this question is for
PEAK Premium Subscribers only
Upgrade to PEAK
EXPERT COMMENTS (6)
Private Note