Please confirm topic selection

Are you sure you want to trigger topic in your Anconeus AI algorithm?

Please confirm action

You are done for today with this topic.

Would you like to start learning session with this topic items scheduled for future?

Updated: Sep 2 2021

Female Reproductive Anatomy

Images repro cross section .jpg .jpg
  • Overview
    • Female reproductive anatomy: ligaments
      • broad ligament of uterus
        • connects uterus, Fallopian (uterine) tubes, and ovaries to lateral walls and floor of pelvis
        • mesosalpinx
          • a subdivision of broad ligament that suspends Fallopian (uterine) tubes
        • mesovarium
          • a subdivision of broad ligament that suspends ovaries
        • mesometrium
      • round ligament of uterus
        • connects fundus of uterus to labia majora
        • within broad ligament
        • enters deep ring, passes through inguinal canal, and exits superficial ring
        • a derivative of lower part of gubernaculum
      • cardinal ligament of uterus
        • aka transverse cervical (Mackenrodt's) ligament of uterus
        • connects cervix and lateral parts of fornix of vagina to lateral pelvic walls
        • contains uterine artery/vein
          • uterine artery via anterior division of internal iliac artery
      • sacrospinous ligament
        • connects ischial spine to sacrum, lies superior to the pudendal nerve (S2-4)
          • pudendal nerve block through sacrospinous ligament
      • ovarian ligament
        • connects ovary to uterus
      • suspensory ligament of ovary
        • connects ovary to lateral walls of pelvis
        • contains ovarian artery/vein, nerves, and lymphatics
          • ovarian artery via abdominal aorta
    • Female reproductive anatomy: pouches of pelvis
      • vesicouterine pouch
        • a peritoneal sac between bladder and uterus
      • rectouterine pouch (of Douglas)
        • a peritoneal sac between uterus and rectum
        • lies behind posterior fornix of vagina
        • lowest portion of peritoneal cavity
          • culdocentesis is aspiration of fluid from rectouterine pouch by a needle puncture of posterior fornix of vagina
  • Blood Supply
    • Arterial supply
      • ovarian artery passes just over the ureter
      • "bridge over troubled waters"
    • Venous drainage
      • left ovarian vein → left renal vein → inferior vena cava (IVC)
      • right ovarian vein → inferior vena cava (IVC)
  • Lymphatic Drainage
    • Lymphatic drainage
      • lumbar (para-aortic) lymph nodes
        • ovary
        • fundus of uterus
      • superficial inguinal lymph nodes
        • vulva
        • superolateral uterus (via round ligament of uterus)
      • internal iliac (hypogastric) lymph nodes
        • upper vagina
        • middle vagina
        • body of uterus
        • cervix
      • external iliac (obturator) lymph nodes
        • upper vagina
        • body of uterus
        • cervix
      • sacral lymph nodes
        • lower vagina
1 of 0
1 of 3
Private Note

Attach Treatment Poll
Treatment poll is required to gain more useful feedback from members.
Please enter Question Text
Please enter at least 2 unique options
Please enter at least 2 unique options
Please enter at least 2 unique options