Please confirm topic selection

Are you sure you want to trigger topic in your Anconeus AI algorithm?

Please confirm action

You are done for today with this topic.

Would you like to start learning session with this topic items scheduled for future?

Updated: Jul 25 2019

Horner Syndrome

Images of the eye - moises dominguez.jpg
  • Snapshot
    • A 67-year-old man presents to his physician following a right-sided carotid endarterectomy. He reports mild pain at the surgical site but currently does not have any concerns. On physical exam, there is anisocoria with the right eye being miotic. There is also mild ptosis on the right eye as well.
  • Introduction
    • Clinical definition
      • a neurologic syndrome characterized by ipsilateral
        • miosis
        • ptosis
        • anhidrosis
    • Pathogenesis
      • can be caused by a lesion anywhere on the sympathetic pathway supplying the
        • head, eyes, and neck
          • review the sympathetic course in this illustration
      • causes include
        • Pancoast tumor
        • Wallenberg syndrome
        • syringomyelia and cervical cord trauma that affects the
          • intermediolateral columns
        • carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting
        • carotid dissection
  • Presentation
    • Symptoms and physical exam
      • miosis
        • resulting in anisocoria
        • secondary to unchecked parasympathetic innervation
      • ptosis
        • due to impaired sympathetic innervation to Muller's muscle
        • generally mild
      • anhidrosis
        • suggests an central or preganglionic lesion
1 of 0
1 of 3
Private Note

Attach Treatment Poll
Treatment poll is required to gain more useful feedback from members.
Please enter Question Text
Please enter at least 2 unique options
Please enter at least 2 unique options
Please enter at least 2 unique options