Updated: 3/26/2016

Intelligence Quotient

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IQ tests
  • Stanford-Binet
    • calculates IQ as mental age / chronological age x 100
    • standard IQ test
  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
    • uses 14 subtests (7 verbal and 7 performance)
    • can quantify intellectual decline
  • Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
    • used for children between ages 6 and 16
Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)
  • Formerly known as mental retardation (DSM-IV)
  • Onset during the developmental period that includes
    • criterion A: intellectual and adaptive functioning deficits
    • in conceptual, social and pratical domains
  • Severity (on the basis of adaptive functioning, not IQ scores)
    • mild
    • moderate
    • severe
    • profound
  • IQ scores are correlated with
    • genetic factors
    • school achievement

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