4.8 of 12 Ratings
A 34-year-old woman comes to the emergency department complaining of severe headache and anxiety, diaphoresis, and palpitations for the last 30 minutes. She has had several similar episodes over the past few weeks. She has no significant past medical history and has a 10 pack-year smoking history. She takes no illicit drugs. Her blood pressure on arrival is 181/80 mmHg and her pulse is 134/min. If this patient was given propranolol, how would her blood pressure respond?
Hypotension due to beta-adrenergic receptor blockade
Hypotension due to alpha-1-adrenergic receptor blockade
Hypertension due to alpha-1-adrenergic receptor blockade
Hypertension due to alpha-1-adrenergic receptor stimulation
Hypertension due to alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor blockade
Select Answer to see Preferred Response
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room with headache and palpitations. She is sweating profusely and appears tremulous on exam. Vital signs are as follows: HR 120, BP 190/110, RR 18, O2 99% on room air, and Temp 37C. Urinary metanephrines and catechols are positive. Which of the following medical regimens is contraindicated as a first-line therapy in this patient?
A 40-year-old female presents with palpitations, headache, and episodic diaphoresis. On physical exam she has a blood pressure of 170/90 mmHg. Urine analysis shows elevated levels of vanillylmandelic acid. Figure A shows the histology of the adrenal gland. Hyperactivity of cells in which of the follow regions is likely responsible for this patient's symptoms?
A 49 year-old-male presents with a primary complaint of several recent episodes of severe headache, sudden anxiety, and a "racing heart". The patient originally attributed these symptoms to stress at work; however, these episodes are becoming more frequent and severe. Laboratory evaluation during such an episode reveals elevated plasma free metanephrines. Which of the following additional findings in this patient is most likely?
Decreased 24 hour urine vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) levels