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Updated: May 11 2022

Kidney Anatomy

  • Overview
  • Introduction
    • Anatomy
      • the kidneys are retroperitoneal structures that filter blood and produce urine
        • excrete excess salts, fluid, and waste products (e.g., uric acid, urea, and creatine) from the body
        • resorb nutrients back into the blood
        • secrete erythropoietin and renin
        • hydroxylate 25-hydroxy-vitamin D into 1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D
      • the suprarenal glands (adrenal gland) are above the kidneys
        • a component of the endocrine system
      • blood flow
        • renal artery → segmental artery → interlobar artery → arcuate artery → cortical radiate artery → afferent arteriole → glomerulus → efferent arteriole → vasa recta → peritubular capillaries → venous outlfow
      • the left kidney is typically used for renal transplantation due to left renal vein's longer length
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