Updated: 1/27/2021

Health Status Indicators

Review Topic
  • Introduction
    • Metrics to allow for surveillance and assessment of population-level health status
    • Provide crucial information
      • help set public health priorities and strategies
    • Indicate mortality, morbidity, and disability regarding specific diseases
  • Commonly-Used Health Indicators
      • Commonly Used Health Indicators
      • Indicator
      • Description
      • Calculation/Equation
      • Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALYs)
      • measure of burden of a particular disease
      • accounts for morbidity and mortality
      • years of life x utility value
      • utility value is calculated for each particular disease
        • range of 0 (death) to 1 (complete health) per year
        • e.g.,if a patient lives for 2 years with a utility value of 0.25 (a quarter of complete health), the patient will have 0.5 QALYs
      • Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)
      • accounts for years lost secondary to early mortality or years of disability
      • # years lost + # disabled years
        • in a population
        • due to a particular disease
      • Potential years of life lost (PYLL)
      • total years of life that would have been lived if the patient had a normal life expectancy
      • typically use 65 as life expectancy
      • e.g.,65 - age at death from disease

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