4.8 of 4 Ratings
A 7-year-old girl is referred to a pediatric cardiologist after a heart murmur was auscultated during a routine school health examination. The patient has not experienced any symptoms of shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, or palpitations. She is healthy, does not have any significant medical history, and had an uneventful birth without any complications. Her vital signs are as follows: T 37.2 C, HR 92, BP 104/62, RR 24, SpO2 99%. Physical examination is significant for a midsystolic ejection murmur heard best at the 2nd intercostal space near the left sternal border, a loud S1 heart sound, a widely fixed split S2 heart sound, and no evidence of cyanosis or clubbing. An echocardiogram is conducted and reveals a left-to-right shunt across the interatrial septum. Surgical correction of this patient's condition will most likely prevent which of the following from developing later in life?
Coronary artery disease
Aortic root dilation
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A 32-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with 2 hours of left-sided weakness. Her husband reports that she had been complaining of pain and swelling in her right calf for several weeks prior to this event. The couple had recently returned from a vacation in Europe. What ausculatory finding would explain the mechanism by which her more recent complaint occurred?
Holosystolic murmur radiating to the axilla
Wide, fixed splitting of S2
Crescendo-decrescendo murmur heard loudest at the right second intercostal space
Holosystolic murmur that increases on inspiration
An S2 that splits during expiration