Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite which is known to infect one-third of the total world population chronically though it is asymptomatic in immunocompetent patients. However, in an immunocompromised patient or an infected fetus, it may cause devastating effects. The parasite may cross the placenta of an infected pregnant woman and probably infect the fetus congenitally. The severity of the infection depends on the gestational age at which the infection has occurred i.e., if it has occurred in the early phase, the rate of transmission is low but the severity is high if the fetus is infected and if it has occurred in the later phase then transmission rate is higher while the severity would be low. Congenital toxoplasmosis may result in non-specific consequences like abortion, intra-uterine growth restriction, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly or even intra-uterine death. It may also result in neurological or ocular manifestations like intracranial calcifications, hydrocephalus or retinochoroiditis. The diagnosis may be done by serological screening of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies (IgM and IgG) while PCR of the amniotic fluid or the placenta is the confirmatory test. Acute or chronic infections may be differentiated by IgG avidity tests. The treatment regimens include spiramycin to prevent congenital transmission from an infected mother, pyrimethamine, sulfadoxine and folinic acid to treat the infected fetus, CSF shunting for the treatment of hydrocephalus and a combination of pyrimethamine, azithromycin, and corticosteroids for treating ocular toxoplasmosis.