• Failure of facial processes to fuse during embryogenesis
  • May be cleft lip, cleft palate or both
    • often occur together
    • Failure of fusion of nasal, maxillary and/or palatal bones
Prognosis, Prevention, and Complications
  • Complications
    • speech problems
    • chronic otitis media
      • secondary to failure of Eustachian tube to prevent bacterial backflow

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