Updated: 4/22/2015

Orientation

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Overview
  • Orientation refers to patient's knowledge of
    • who he or she is
    • the current date and time
    • his or her present circumstances
  • Components of orientation are lost in the following order during mental status changes
    • 1st - time
    • 2nd - place
    • last - person
  • Common causes of loss of orientation
    • alcohol/drugs
    • fluid/electrolyte imbalance
    • head trauma
    • hypoglycemia
    • nutritional deficiencies
 

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