Updated: 10/27/2016

Medication Nomenclature

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Prefix, Root, or Suffix
Medication Class
Example Medications
-afil Phosphodiesterase inhibitor (erectile dysfunction)
Vardenafil, sildenafil
-ane Inhalational general anesthetic Halothane, desflurane
-asone Corticosteroid Dexamethasone, hydrocortisone
-azepam Benzodiazepine Diazepam, clonazepam
-azine Phenothiazine
Chlorpromazine, promethazine
-azole Antifungal Ketoconazole, fluconazole
-bital Barbiturate Phenobarbital, secobarbital
-caine Local anesthetic Lidocaine, mepivacaine
-cillin Penicillin antibiotic
Methicillin, amoxicillin
-cycline Tetracycline antibiotic (protein synthesis inhibitor)
Doxycycline, tetracycline
-dazole Antihelminthic, antibiotic Albendazole, metronidazole
-dipine Calcium channel blocker Amlodipine, nifedipine
-dronate Bisphosphonate (bone resorption inhibitor) Alendronate, etidronate
-eprazole Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
Omeprazole, esomeprazole
-etine SSRI Fluoxetine, paroxetine
-fenac NSAID Diclofenac, bromfenac
-floxacin Fluoroquinolones (antibiotic)
Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin
-gliptin Inhibitor of DPP-4 enzyme (antidiabetic) Saxagliptin, sitagliptin
-glitazone Thiazolidinedione (antidiabetic) Pioglitazone, rosiglitazone
-ipramine TCA Imipramine, clomipramine
-iramine Antihistamine Chlorpheniramine, pheniramine
-lamide Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor Acetazolamide, dorzolamide
-mab Monoclonal antibody Adalimumab, omalizumab
-mustine Alkylating agent (antineoplastic) Carmustine, lomustine
-mycin Macrolide antibiotic (protein synthesis inhibitor) Azithromycin, erythromycin
-nacin Muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic) Darifenacin, solifenacin
-navir Protease inhibitor Saquinavir, ritonavir
-olol β antagonist Propranolol, metoprolol
-olone Corticosteroid Prednisolone, triamcinolone
-operidol Butyrophenone (neuroleptic) Haloperidol, droperidol
-oxin Cardiac glycoside (inotropic agent) Digoxin, digitoxin
-parin Antithrombotic/anticoagulant Enoxaparin, heparin
-phylline Xanthine (bronchodilator)
Theophylline, aminophylline
-pril ACE inhibitor Captopril, ramipril
-profen NSAID Ibuprofen, fenoprofen
-sartan Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)
Losartan, candesartan
-semide Loop diuretic Furosemide, torsemide
-setron 5-HT3 receptor antagonist Ondansetron, granisetron
sulfa- Antibiotic, anti-inflammatory Sulfamethoxazole, sulfasalazine
-tadine Antiviral (anti-influenza) Amantadine, rimantadine
-terol β2 agonist (bronchodilator)
Albuterol, salmeterol
-tidine H2 antagonist Cimetidine, ranitidine
-thiazide Diuretic Hydrochlorothiazide, chlorothiazide
-tinib Kinase inhibitor (anti-neoplastic) Imatinib, gefitinib
-trel Female hormones Norgestrel, levonorgestrel
-triptan 5-HT1B/1D agonist (migraine) Sumatriptan, zolmitriptan
-triptyline TCA Amitriptyline, nortriptyline
-tropin Pituitary hormone Somatotropin
-vir, -virin Antiviral (anti-HIV, hepatitis, herpes, CMV, influenza) Abacavir, ribavirin, valacyclovir, ganciclovir, oseltamivir
-vudine Antiviral (nucleoside analogues) Lamivudine, zidovudine
-zolam Benzodiazepine Alprazolam, triazolam
-azosin α1 antagonist Prazosin, terazosin (exception: tamulosin)

 

 

 

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