Updated: 12/29/2015

Diseases Associated with Neoplasms

Topic
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Genetic Diseases
 
Condition
Neoplasm
Down syndrome ALL (presents > 5 years old) and AML- megakaryoblastic (< 5 years old)
Xeroderma pigmentosum Melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinomas of skin
Albinism Melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinomas of skin
Tuberous sclerosis Astrocytoma, angiomyolipoma, and cardiac rhabdomyoma

 

Disease Resulting From Environmental Exposure
 
Condition
Neoplasm
Actinic keratosis Squamous cell carcinoma of skin
Barrett's esophagus Esophageal adenocarcinoma
Dysplastic nevus Malignant melanoma
Radiation exposure AML, CML, and papillary thyroid cancer

 

Diseases Associated with the Immune System
 
Condition
Neoplasm
Ulcerative colitis Colonic adenocarcinoma
Immunodeficiency Malignant lymphomas
AIDS Malignant lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma
HPV High risk types (16,18,31,33) Squamous cell carcinoma
Autoimmune diseases (e.g. Hashimoto's thyroiditis and myasthenia gravis) Lymphoma (marginal cell type)

 

Miscellaneous Diseases
 
Condition
Neoplasm
Plummer-Vinson syndrome Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus
Cirrhosis (alcoholic, hepatitis B or C) Hepatocellular carcinoma
Paget's disease of bone Secondary osteosarcoma and fibrosarcoma
Acanthosis nigricans Visceral malignancy (stomach, lung, breast, and uterus)
 

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