Updated: 2/12/2018

Words That Sound Alike

Topic
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R words
 
Term
Association
Rubella (German measles) "3-day measles," or "German measles," rash, lymphadenopathy
Rubeola Measles, longer duration of symptoms
Roseola HHV-6, Causes fever then rash (separated temporally) cause of febrile seizures
 
T words
 
Term
Association
Typhoid fever Salmonella typhi
Typhus Rickettsia
Chlamydia trachomatis Bacteria, STD
Treponema Spirochete, causes syphilis (T. pallidum) or yaws (T. pertenue)
Trichomonas vaginalis Protozoan, STD
Trypanosoma Protozoan, causes Chagas' disease (T. cruzi) or African sleeping sickness (T. gambiense/rhodesiense)
Toxoplasma Protozoan, the T in ToRCHeS infections
Trichinella spiralis Nematode (roundworm) in undercooked meat, encysts in muscle
Taenia solium Intestinal tapeworm (from eating larvae) or  neurocysticercosis (from eating eggs) in pork
 
L words
 
Term
Association
Listeria monocytogenes Gram-positive bacteria. Meningitis in neonates and elderly.
Legionella pneumophila Gram-negative respiratory bacillus. Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia).
Leptospira interrogans Spirochete. Leptospirosis (flu-like, abdominal pain, photophobia)
Leishmania donovani Protozoa. Leishmaniasis (spiking fevers, pancytopenia). Tx sodium stibogluconate.
 
Other
 
Term
Association
Cryptococcus neoformans
Yeast, pigeon droppings, meningitis in AIDS
CryptosporiDium Protozoa, acid-fast cysts, Diarrhea in AIDS
Coccidoidomycosis Pulmonary fungal infection in the southwest (Valley Fever)
Toxoplasmosis Protozoa, brain abscesses in HIV, cats
Histoplasmosis Systemic mycosis, Mississippi River, valley pneumonia
Trichomonas vaginalis Protozoan, STD
Gardnerella vaginalis Gram variable, fishy smell, clue cells
 
Pharmacology
 
Term
Association
Buproprion Anti-depressant, smoking
Buspirone Anxiolytic
Clozapine Most effective atypical antipsychotic, agranulocytosis
Chlorpromazine Typical anti-psychotic
Clomipramine TCA, bed-wetting
Amoxapine TCA, refractory depression
Mirtazapine Tetracyclic antidepressant, anorexia
 
 

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