• Bacterial virulence (ability to cause disease) is dependent on the following:
    • specific bacterial cell structures
    • exotoxins
    • endotoxins
  • Some virulence factors can be shared between bacteria
    • some toxins are known to be carried from bacteria to bacteria by lysogenic phages
      • shiga-like toxin
      • botulinum toxin (certain strains)
      • cholera toxin
      • diphtheria toxin
      • erythrogenic toxin of Streptococcus pyogenes

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