• Embryological defect with failed migration of the thyroid gland from tongue base
    • usually located in the midline neck
    • typically is hypoactive thyroid tissue
  • Symptoms
    • dysphagia for solids
  • Physical exam
    • palpation of midline mass
  • 123I scan
    • identifies location of thyroid tissue
  • Surgical
    • excision if mass is obstructive
      • commonly requires hormone supplementation following excision as this may be the only functioning thyroid tissue in the body
  • Medical
    • thyroxine supression
    • radioactive iodine ablation

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